Hannah Hoch was a German Dada artist, best known for being one of the originators of photomontage. Photomontage is a type of collage in which pasted items are actual photographs or reproductions, by cutting, gluing, rearranging and overlapping two or more photographs together. Key themes throughout her work were androgyny, political discourse and shifting gender roles.
Dadaism was an artistic movement formed in 1919 in Zurich, Switzerland. The movement reject monarchy, militarism and conservatism. Dadaists felt that art should have no boundaries or restrictions and that it can be playful. The term ‘Dada’ has no meaning – it is a childlike word to describe the lack of reason or logic to the artwork. The main artists involved in the movement include George Grosz, John Heartfield and Raoul Hausmann.
Höch considered herself a part of the women’s movement in the 1920s, her pieces commonly combine male and female traits into one unified being.